Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country, located mostly on Anatolia in Western Asia, and on East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries and three seas: The Mediterranean Sea to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and the Black Sea to the north. Turkey’s location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance.

Turkey is a secular, unitary, constitutional republic, member of the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies. Turkey began full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005, having been an associate member of the European Economic Community since 1963 and having joined the EU Customs Union in 1995.

Turkey is classified as “Partly Free” according to the 2016 Freedom in the World Index elaborated by Freedom House, having seen a decline recently due to restrictions of the freedom of speech and detention of activists, union leaders and journalists. In spite of the harsh environment, CSO have continued to be quite active in promoting civic engagement and advocating for transparency and anticorruption.


The following CSOs from Turkey participated at the Black Sea NGO Forum:

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